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European Year of Skills

Transversal skills

Transversal skills like critical thinking, teamwork, and learning skills are essential for work, education and daily life. Developing and recognising these skills play an important role in promoting sustainable economic growth, social inclusion, and competitiveness. The EU supports employers, workers and training institutions in advancing these skills.

The situation

Human creativity, emotional intelligence and innovation remain irreplaceable, even if:

14% of jobs are highly automatable

32% of jobs might change substantially due to AI within this decade

Both workers and employers value transversal skills that help to adapt the changing work landscape, particularly in the green and digital transitions.

24.5% of candidates lack transversal skills.

SMEs in the EU see a growing importance of these transversal skills:

68% for soft skills

62% for digital skills

42% for green skills

EU funding available

figure 99 bilion euros

The European Social Fund Plus (ESF+) provides funding for projects typically responding to labour market needs, which are often relevant to transversal skills.

figure 806.9 bilion euros

Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) provides funding opportunities for the development of transversal skills associated with the green and digital transition.

figure 26.2 bilion euros

The Erasmus+ programme provides the opportunity to develop key competences and transversal skills, through study, work, or volunteering experiences abroad.

figure 95.5 bilion euros

Horizon Europe provides funding for projects that promote the development of transversal skills such as creativity, critical thinking, and problem-solving.