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European Year of Skills

Green Deal Industrial Plan - plugging the skills gap

The Green deal industrial plan will speed up Europe's innovative clean tech industries to reach net-zero, investing in training, upskilling and reskilling, helping to face the challenges and opportunities in reaching a climate neutral industry.

The situation

  • Worker image
    4.5 million jobs in the environmental economy

    Up to 40% of European workers are contributing to the green transition. In 2019, there were 4.5 million jobs in the environmental economy.

  • Workers with laptop
    Labour shortages doubled

    Between 2015 and 2021, labour shortages doubled in key sectors and jobs for the green transition.

  • Worker on photovoltaics
    Millions of new jobs

    The green transition is creating millions of new jobs in the EU in sectors like wind and solar energy, electric vehicles, and heat pumps.

  • High skilled worker
    Battery sector

    Approximately 800,000 workers will need to be trained, upskilled, or reskilled by 2025 to meet the demand of the battery sector for new workers.

  • Euro banknotes
    €65 billion in training

    EU funds are investing around €65 billion in training.

Top 5 fastest growing green jobs globally in 2016-2021 (in terms of annual growth)

  • Sustainability Manager icon
    Sustainability Manager


  • Wind Turbine icon
    Wind Turbine Technician


  • Solar Consultant icon
    Solar Consultant


  • Ecologist icon


  • Environmental Health and Safety Specialist icon
    Environmental Health and Safety Specialist



Boosting skills across sectors

  • Automotive industry icon
    Automotive industry

    around 700,000 workers in the supply chain will be trained each year on new sustainable and digital technologies.

  • Construction sector icon
    Construction sector

    at least 25% of the workforce in the next 5 years, with a target of 3 million workers, will be upskilled or reskilled.

  • Offshore renewable energy icon
    Offshore renewable energy

    between 20,000 and 54,000 new workers will be trained by 2025.

  • Cultural and Creative Industries icon
    Cultural and Creative Industries

    partners committed to provide skills trainings on digital, green, entrepreneurial and technical skills as well as on arts and crafts, in particular for young people.

  • Shipbuilding icon

    more than 200,000 workers will be reskilled to help the European shipbuilding and maritime technology industry achieve the goals to deliver smart, zero-emission ships and technologies by 2030.